The public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the least, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for just two years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Vienna metro.
The Middle of the Century
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it had been directed at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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