The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have an exact date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The very first date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 and in the next many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for just two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me to become acceptable to Tunnelbohrmaschine.
The midst of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical such as other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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