The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have an exact date for the first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The very first date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a few changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the very least, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to Vienna u bahn.
The midst of a lifetime
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was directed at a city of three or four million inhabitants, and even today is not around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The tasks of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also an unfortunate politicization from the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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