Vienna Underground – A quick History

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People transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have a perfect date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to U Bahn Plan Wien.

The center of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at a city of three or four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads was then often solved in support of private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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