Vienna Underground – A brief History

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People transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a precise date for the first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to Vienna underground map.

The center of the Century
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was directed at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and also today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The tasks of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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