The public transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a few changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to metro Vienna.
The midst of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was directed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads was then often solved and only private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. During these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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