Vienna Underground – A brief History

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People transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not minimal, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to Wien Metro.

The center of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at a town of three to four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion of the centrality of the inner city.
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